just in time

An approach to manufacturing that aims to reduce stocks of raw materials and finished goods, queues and bottlenecks, excess transport, and levels of scrap and defective units. Whereas traditional systems isolate operations from the environment, for example by uncoupling inventory, JIT recognizes that without protection processes can go wrong but, if they do, the reasons should be found and the process put right. It seeks to improve all performance variables, such as cost, quality, speed, dependability, and flexibility. The key elements of JIT are:
• respect for the contribution that employees can make;
• encouragement of personal responsibility and process ownership from a multiskilled workforce that is proactive in problem solving;
• a demand-pull system in which material only flows when needed;
• standardized product design;
• accelerated learning-curve effects;
• preventive rather than reactive maintenance;
• level scheduling;
• reduction of set-up times;
• efficient plant layout, eliminating places in which inventory can get lost;
• JIT purchasing involving close liaison with suppliers;
total quality management committed to continuous improvement JIT has been facilitated by the advent of cheap computing power and computer-aided manufacturing systems. It is easier to install JIT techniques from the outset, rather than attempting to introduce them piecemeal when a process is running.

Big dictionary of business and management. 2014.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • just-in-time — ˌjust in ˈtime written abbreviation JIT adjective [only before a noun] MANUFACTURING if goods are produced or bought using a just in time system, they are produced or bought just before they are needed, reducing the cost to the firm of keeping… …   Financial and business terms

  • Just In Time — could refer to the following: * Just In Time (business), an inventory strategy that reduces in process inventory * Just in time compilation, a technique for improving the performance of bytecode compiled programming systems * Just in Time, a 1956 …   Wikipedia

  • just in time — UK US adjective [only before noun] (ABBREVIATION JIT) PRODUCTION, MANAGEMENT ► relating to a manufacturing system in which parts and materials are delivered when they are needed, rather than before. Just in time systems reduce the cost of storing …   Financial and business terms

  • just in time — 〈[dʒʌst ın taım] Abk.: JIT〉 punkt , termingenau, (gerade) rechtzeitig [engl.] * * * just in time [ʤʌst ɪn taɪm ] <Wirtsch.> [engl. = gerade (noch) rechtzeitig]: zeitlich aufeinander abgestimmt, gleichzeitig. * * * just in time [dʒʌst ɪn… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • just-in-time — adj [only before noun] technical if goods are produced or bought using a just in time system, they are produced or bought just before they are needed so that the company does not have to store things for a long time ▪ just in time manufacturing… …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • just in time — See: IN TIME …   Dictionary of American idioms

  • just in time — See: IN TIME …   Dictionary of American idioms

  • just-in-time — just in ,time adjective BUSINESS bought, sent, or produced at the last possible time: a just in time production system …   Usage of the words and phrases in modern English

  • just in time — just in ti·me loc.s.m.inv. ES ingl. {{wmetafile0}} TS industr. sistema di produzione industriale con rifornimento immediato di pezzi all unità di montaggio, senza creazione di grosse scorte di magazzino {{line}} {{/line}} DATA: 1992. ETIMO: ingl …   Dizionario italiano

  • just in time — 〈 [dʒʌ̣st ın taım] Abk.: JIT 〉 punkt , termingenau, (gerade) rechtzeitig [Etym.: engl.] …   Lexikalische Deutsches Wörterbuch

  • just in time — [dʒʌst in taim] <engl. ; »gerade zur Zeit, rechtzeitig«> zeitlich aufeinander abgestimmt, gleichzeitig …   Das große Fremdwörterbuch

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